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What is a Logic Model?

Simply put, a logic model is a straightforward tool to plan, develop and measure goals, objectives, inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes in response to an identified problem. In the Linking Systems of Care Guiding Principles, the problem is described broadly as the need for communities to create service approaches for crime victims that are centered on healing at the individual, family, and community levels. The plan, equally broadly, is to create and strengthen paths of communication, coordination, and collaboration between and among victim serving systems. While the outcomes are defined both by how the systems will changed (improved decision making and care coordination) and by the type of services provided (holistic, strength-based, trauma-informed).


The community-based challenge the project is trying to solve. The problems should be as specific as possible. “Victim serving agencies in our community don’t have good avenues to communicate which can lead to delays and duplication in services.”


Resources required for your project to operate effectively. Inputs generally include things like funding, personnel for the project, etc.


  • Activities

    Activities describe what the project is going to do to solve the problem. Examples could include “conduct a gap analysis” or “provide training for all service providers.” Remember activities should be linked to outcomes.

  • Participation

    When thinking about participation projects should consider who they need to work with in order to achieve their desired outcomes.


  • Short-Term

    Short term outcomes are measurable achievements of project activities that occur early in the project. Short term outcomes are often things like:

    • # of service providers participating in the project
    • # of services providers trained
    • # of families consulted about their needs
  • Interim

    Interim outcomes are measurable achievements of project activities that are expected to occur as the project period is winding down. Interim outcomes would include:

    • # increased of service providers implementing a screening tool
    • % increased of youth identified and referred for service
  • Long-Term

    Long-term outcomes are measurable achievement of project activities that will last beyond the project period. Long term outcomes could include:

    • # of policies created to ensure system coordination
    • % increase in families reporting smooth and relevant referrals to helpful community resources

Who Benefits From Utilizing Logic Models?

Logic models are beneficial for any group seeking to implement a new program or project. Logic models assist with strategic planning and make it easier to explain key elements of the project to funders, administrators, or other interested parties.

When Should Logic Models Be Created?

Because logic models can be beneficial throughout the program planning process, it is advantageous to utilize a logic model to outline the program strategically from the beginning. Using logic models will help identify any gaps or issues in the planning phase rather than during the implementation phase when it becomes more difficult to address challenges. However, the value of logic models is not limited to the planning stages. Using logic models throughout the life of the program will help stakeholders evaluate their progress, impact, and future.

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